Updated On — 18th Oct, 2020
Blood Donation Facts: In the 20th century, an Austrian scientist named Karl Landsteiner identified blood groups (A, B, O). But AB by Adriano and Alfred Von.
“Interesting Facts on Blood Donation Chart Can Make You Winner On Death”. When a person’s blood is analyzed knocked out a microscope separate blood differences are visible. In the 20th century, an Austrian scientist named Karl Landsteiner identified blood groups (A, B, O) according to those differences. Landsteiner observed two separate chemical molecules existing the surface of the red blood cells. He labeled one molecule “A” and the different molecule “B”. Scientist Karl Landsteiner achieved Nobel prize in 1930 for this classification of blood. But blood group AB is identified by Scientist Adriano Sturli and Alfred von Decastello.
Blood Types (Groups)
“Blood Donation Facts”. A series of linked blood types constitutes a system of blood groups, such as the Rh or ABO system. The frequencies of the ABO and Rh blood types depends and vary from population to population. Scientist Karl Steiner divided blood groups into 4 major part which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens (A and B) upon the surface of red blood cells.
Blood Type A
When the red blood cell contains “A” antigen and plasma contains antibody “b”.
Blood Type B
In this the red blood cell contains “B” antigen and plasma contains antibody “a”.
AB Type Blood
When the red blood cell contains both “A” & “B” antigen (but plasma does not contain antibody “a” and “b”). This type of blood group person can receive blood from all blood group person.
Blood Type O
When both antibody “a” and “b” present in plasma (but antigen “A” or “B” not present in the red blood cell). This type of blood group person can donate to all blood group person.
In besides to the A and B antigens, there is a third antigen called the Rh factor, which can be either positive (+) or negative ( – ). In general, Rh-negative blood is provided to Rh-negative patients, and Rh (+) blood or Rh (-) blood may be provided to Rh (+) patients.
There are eight blood types present and these are commonly different, which are determined by the presence or non-attendance of fixed antigens, which are substances that can impact on the response of an immune if they are foreign to the human body. Since some antigens can impact the immune system of a patient to violent behavior the transfused blood, safe blood transfusions depend on aware blood typing and infuriated-matching.
Donating Blood by Compatible Type
“Blood Donation Facts”. Blood types are most crucial when a blood transfusion is compulsory. A patient should receive blood type compatible with his or her own blood type in blood transfusion. Red blood cells will clump together and making clots that can block blood vessels and cause death due to incompatible blood type.
The blood cells may start to clump together in blood vessels due to two different types of blood together mixed, therefore it causes a potentially fatal situation. So, it is very necessary that types of blood matched well before any blood transfusion. The blood type of O can be provided in an emergency because of it acceptable by all types of blood. However, a risk is still involved. For determining the ABO type from few drops of blood is simple and cheap
It is easy and within your means to determine a person’s ABO type from a few drops of blood. A serum containing associated along with anti-A antibodies is combined with some of the blood. Other serum along with anti-B antibodies is combined with a test sample. It is an easy process of deduction of the possibilities. For instance, if a blood sample of a person is agglutinated by the anti-A antibody, but not the joined among-B antibody, it means that the A antigen is existing but not the B antigen. Therefore, the blood type is A. Blood type is hereditary, just once eye color.
In most cases, blood typing is not deciding during determination attempts. While blood types are 100% genetically hereditary, the potential of the atmosphere can determine which blood types in a population will be passed upon more frequently to the coming generation. It does this through natural selection. Specific ABO blood types are thought to be associated in the by now increased or decreased susceptibility to particular diseases.
The possible blood type of a child according to their parent’s blood group. Study the following chart:-
What Does Blood Group RH Factor Mean?
“Blood Donation Facts”. After the identification of blood groups, Karl Landsteiner and Alexander S. Wiener discovered a specific type of protein (Agglutinogen). This type of protein present in Arhesus monkey. So, Landsteiner and Wiener gave a name that Rh factor.
Rh factor means “Rhesus Factor”. Blood tests were performed upon Rhesus monkeys and the Rh+ and Rh- factors were separated. People who have Rh factor are said to be Rh+ and people who don’t have Rh are said to be Rh-.
When Rh+ blood person transfused blood to Rh- blood person, then Rh antibody developed in the plasma of Rh- blood person. But, if in the second time Rh+ blood person transfused blood to Rh- blood person Rh- blood person got death due to agglutination.
During the birth of a child, a child gets the erythroblastosis fetalis disease due to Rh antigen. So, due to the Rh antigen Rh affected child get death during the birth. When a father is Rh+ and mother is Rh-, then this disease takes place.
What is the Rarest Blood Type?
“Blood Donation Facts”. According to the American Red Cross, the rarest is AB (-), existing in 1% of the Caucasians, in African Americans, it is even rarer. B(-) and O(-) are furthermore every allocation of rare, each accounting for less than 5% of the world’s population. Some people amid rare blood types bank their own blood to the cromlech of a surgical trial to ensure that blood is existing to them.
One of the rarest blood types in the world is Rh-null, which non-existence any antigens in the Rh system. There are single-handedly 9 supple donors in the community of blood donors in rare that have Rh-null blood. Rh-null is considered universal blood for anyone subsequent to a scarce blood type within the Rh system. However, anyone who has Rh-null blood can only get Rh-null blood in a transfusion.
Blood Type Diet
The Eat Right for Your Type diet encourages people to eat fixed foods and avoid others based on their blood type A, B, AB, or O. The Diet is Based upon:
Flourishes upon vegetarian diets, “the inheritance of their more granted and less warlike farmer ancestors,” says D’Adamo. Soy proteins, grains, and organic vegetables exist in the type A diet.
The nomadic blood type B has a bearable digestive system and can enjoy low-fat dairy, meat, and manufacture but, in the middle of added things, should avoid wheat, corn, and lentils, D’Adamo says. You should need exercise moderately If you’re type B.
Your digestive tract retains the memory of the ancient period, says D’Adamo, hence your metabolism will lead from meats (lean), poultry, and fish. You’as regards advised to restrict grains, bread, and legumes, and to enjoy effective exercise.
Has a susceptive digestive tract and should avoid chicken, beef, and pork but enjoy seafood, tofu, dairy, and most manufacture. The fitness regimen for ABs is calming exercises.
Blood Type and Your Personality
“Facts on Blood Donation Chart”. Legend has it that blood type tells the personality of an individual. In Japan, it’s widely believed that blood groups predict personality traits – from temperament to compatibility, to what available of follower you are to what type of foods you should be eating. For instance:
- Type A: is relieved and obedient.
- B type: is creative and excitable.
- Type AB: is thoughtful and emotional.
- Type O: is a confident leader.
Blood donation Facts chart (Blood Facts)
There are some following blood facts:-
- Annually apropos 112.5 million units of donated blood are collected globally.
- Approximately concerning 13.6 million units of summative blood and red blood cells are collected in the U.S all year, and approximately 21 million units of blood components are transfused each year in the U.S.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India suffers from an annual deficit of two million blood units, as without help 1% of Indian population donates blood each year.
- Approximately 36,000, 7,000 and 10,000 units of red blood cells, platelets and plasma are needed daily in the U.S.
- Transfusable red cells, platelets, plasma, and cryoprecipitate are blood generated products. Separating the related blood into its various components can permit a single unit of blood to benefit accept patients, and this process of donating specific components is called Apheresis.
- AB+ is the universal recipient of blood, which means AB(+) persons can accept blood from any type of blood group. even though O negative is the universal donor, which means o negative persons can donate blood to any blood group persons.
- Donated platelets must be used within five days and red blood cells must be used within forty-two days from the date of accretion.
- Blood products as plasma and cryoprecipitate are stored in an out cold phase and thereby these products can be used till one year after storing.
- Unnecessary transfusions can character patients to HIV, hepatitis and adverse transfusion reactions.
- In the U.S, an estimated 1,000 babies are born gone Sickle cell anemia all year; these patients can require several blood transfusions all throughout their lives.
- Almost 47% of blood donations are the store from high-allowance countries. It is estimated that the average blood donation rate in high-allowance countries is higher than bearing in mind again lower-allowance countries.
- Blood transfusions are often used for in contract care in various surgeries. In middle and lower allowance (income) countries especially they can more be used in the giving out of pregnancy-related risks, childhood malaria complicated by anemia and trauma-associated injuries.
- Before transfusion, all donated blood products have to be screened for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and syphilis.
In 1901, Dr. Karl Landsteiner is the first man who identified and classified the major human blood groups- A, B, O, but blood group AB is classified by Scientist Adriano Sturli and Alfred von DecastelloD. They obtained from generous donors and not use artificially manufactured.
Therefore, hope you like blood groups related information “facts on Blood Donation Chart”.