Dengue Platelet Count: Dengue Treatment at Home, Dengue Test

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Updated On — 21st Aug, 2020


: Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti). It is also called break bone fever.

Dengue fever typically starts three to fourteen days after infection. It is transmitted through Aedes aegypti mosquito.

It (break bone fever) is transmitted by a virus and this is a mosquito-borne tropical virus. The female mosquito (Aedes aegypti) is responsible for this.

This mosquito is a small in shape, dark, white bands on legs, and have a silver-white pattern of scales on its body.

Dengue Platelet Count

At the point when a mosquito bites a man who has dengue infection in his or her blood. The mosquito winds up tainted with the dengue infection.

A contaminated mosquito can later send that infection to healthy individuals by biting them.

Dengue can’t spread specifically starting with one individual then onto the next. And mosquitoes are vital for transmission of the dengue infection.

By liquids, dehydration anticipated and getting a lot of rest. Pain relievers no sweat the migraines and agony related to dengue fever.

Pain relievers with headache medicine or ibuprofen ought to stay away from, as they can make bleeding more probable.

, Test, Dengue Platelet Count

Causes:

There are four types of dengue virus and if anyone of them transmitted by a mosquito that thrives in and near the house.

Biting by a mosquito to an infected human with a dengue virus, then that virus gets to enter into the mosquito. And when the mosquito which infects with virus bites another human, then the dengue virus gets to enter into the bloodstream of that human.

Dengue Treatment at Home: Dengue Test, Dengue Platelets Counts

Rarely, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can take place which a serious form of dengue fever and which can be life is threatening.

If DHF is not treated in the right way and on time then heavy bleeding, dehydration, and a rapid reduction of blood pressure (shock) takes place.

Dengue, , Dengue Platelets Counts

Dengue symptoms:

If anyone suffering from dengue fever after biting by Aedes mosquito. After biting dengue symptoms typically begin about three to fourteen days after infection.

Dengue fever symptoms are:-

  • High fever (sudden)- as high as 105oF (40oC)
  • A severe headache
  • Lymph gland swelling
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Skin rash
  • Severe nausea
  • Mild to severe vomiting
  • Mild bleeding from nose or gums
  • Febrile convulsions
  • Pain behind eyes
  • Mild bruising on the skin

Dengue Treatment at Home, Test, Dengue Platelet Count

Platelet counts and dengue fever:

There are three types of blood cells present in the human body and they are floating in plasma.

Three types of blood cells are- red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelet.

The red blood cells contain hemoglobin (a protein) and play an important role in carrying oxygen.

Iron is present in hemoglobin and approximately 50, 00000/ML3 red blood cells present in the human body.

White blood cells (WBC) or leucocyte fight against infection and provide immunity.

Platelets or thrombocytes play an important role in stopping blood bleeding. And thrombocytes helps in blood clotting. There are 1.5 to 4 lacs platelets present in the human body normally.

If someone suffering from dengue then platelet counts go down. It goes down to as low as 20,000 to 40,000. Following reasons are responsible for deficiency of platelets counts:-

  • Platelets produced in the bone marrow. Bone marrow affected by dengue, so in dengue, platelets count reduced.
  • Dengue virus damage platelets affect the Blood.  So, Platelet counts reduced.
  • In dengue, antibodies generate. So, platelet count reduced.

Dengue, Dengue Test, Dengue Platelets Counts

Treatment:

Since, dengue symptoms related to a virus, so there is no specific treatment for this. Dengue fever can manage in mild cases with lots of fluids.

Much of the time of dengue fever leave inside possibly 14 days and won’t bring on any enduring issues.

On the off chance that somebody has a few side effects of the ailment, or symptoms deteriorate in the principal day or two after the fever leaves, look for quick medicinal consideration.

This could be a sign of DHF, which is a medicinal crisis.

To treat cases of severe dengue fever in a hospital, the doctor gives fluids and electrolytes (salt). Fluids and electrolytes (salts) lost through vomiting or diarrhea. Blood transfusion used by doctors in more severe cases.

Dengue Treatment at Home, Test, Platelets Counts

Tests of dengue fever

The dengue fever test uses to determine if a person with symptoms and a recent potential risk of dengue. It is difficult to diagnose the infection without laboratory tests.

Because the symptoms initially correspond to other diseases, such as malaria. There are two types of tests available:

Current for antibody testing:

These tests mainly used to diagnose current or recent infections. They find two different types of antibodies that the body produces in response to dengue fever infection, IgG and IgM.

A combination of these tests may be necessary for diagnosis. Because the body’s immune system produces different levels of antibodies during disease.

IgM antibodies are first produced and displayed at least 7–10 days after exposure. Blood levels rise for a few weeks and then gradually decrease. After a few months, the IgM antibodies drop below the detective level.

IgG antibodies produce more slowly in response to infection. Usually, the level of acute infection increases stabilizes, and then lasts longer.

Before the present infection, persons infected with the virus maintain IgG antibody levels in the blood. Which may affect the interpretation of clinical results.

PC Molecular Testing (Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR):

This type of testing reveals the genetic material of the dengue virus in the blood. It is for up to 5 days after the onset of symptoms (fever).

Dengue Treatment at Home, Test, Platelets Counts

What is the test result?:

Antibody tests:

Antibody tests can report as positive or negative or as an antibody titer. which includes an antibody type (IgG or IgM).

An early blood sample on positive IgM and IgG tests for dengue antibodies has shown that a person may be infected with the dengue virus in recent weeks.

If the IgG is positive, but the IgM is low or negative, the person is likely to get infected some time ago.

If the initial dengue IgG antibody titer increase fourfold or more (eg from 1: 4 titer to 1:64). After 2 to 4 weeks, a person appears to be more recent.

Dengue Treatment, Dengue Test, Dengue Platelets Counts

Transition to Negative Tests for IgM and / or IgG Antibodies:

The person tested has no dengue infection and the symptoms may be due to other factors or the antibody levels may be too low to measure.

The person may still have a dengue infection – which produces a detectable level of antibodies immediately after the initial exposure of the virus.

Dengue Treatment, Dengue Test, Dengue Platelets Counts

The following results that can be seen with the antibody test:

IgM Results — IgG results — Potential explanation

  • Positive — Negative — Infection (Current)
  • Positive — Positive — Infection (Current)
  • Low/negative/not tested — Four fold increase in samples taken 2-4 weeks apart — Infection (Recent)
  • Low or negative — Positive — Past infection
  • Negative  — Negative  — Too soon after antibody’s initial exposure to develop or symptoms due to another cause

Molecular Testing:

PCR testing to detect the presence of a virus is generally considered the most reliable means of diagnosis. but the test is not widely available.

A positive result from PCR considered positive. A negative result in PCR testing indicates that there is no infection or that the level of the virus is too low.

If the test performed within the 5-day window where the virus collected. There are samples for this test. If a recent accident suspected, repeated testing warranted.

Dengue Treatment at Home, Test, Dengue Platelet Count

Prevention:

There is no any vaccine which helps to protect against dengue fever. There are some tips for preventing this fever:-

  • Wear long pants, long-sleeves shirts, shocks, and wearing a hat.
  • Use insect repellent with appropriately concentrated diethyltoluamide (DEET) or with lemon eucalyptus.
  • Avoid perfume and scented soaps and shampoos because the smell of all these attracts mosquitoes.
  • Insecticide-treated net using bed helps for preventing dengue fever.
  • You can prevent mosquitoes by using screens on windows and doors.
  • Air conditioners inside the home also helpful for preventing dengue.
  • In clean, stagnant water Aedes mosquitoes breeds. Thus, for reducing mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water- remove excess water from plant pot plates. Remove mosquito eggs by scrubbing the containers.

Q. & A.

  1. What is dengue fever?

It is a viral disease caused by the mosquitoes of the Flavivirus genus. It  usually a self-limiting disease that characterized (without any symptoms) as a sign of severe dengue

  1. Does dengue fever recur?

Dengue fever received four serotonin DEN1, DEN2, DEN3, and DN4. Although they are like each other, they provide no protection.

Recovery from a type of dengue infection can only provide lifelong immunity to that particular serotype. Thus, there is always a risk of recurrence.

  1. Is the second attack of dengue fever more dangerous?

Yes, during the second attack, it observed that there was an exaggerated immune response. Thereby increasing the likelihood of severe dengue.

  1. What are the common clinical symptoms?

Dengue fever is usually accompanied by fever with body aches, which can be mild and severe. This is why it is also called ‘Breakbone Fever’.

It has flu-like symptoms such as rash, headache, arthritis, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. In some patients, it may be associated with severe dengue, with a tendency to abnormal bleeding.

  1. How does it send from one person to another?

It is a viral disease caused by mosquitoes, and vector edema mosquito. Fever usually comes three to seven days after mosquito bites.

  1. How can you prevent dengue infection?

Since it spread by mosquitoes, you should try to stop mosquito breeding. The Aedes mosquito thrives in thriving water. Thus, efforts should be made to reduce water stagnation.

The use of mosquito repellents, bed nets, and full sleeve clothing provides personal protection.

  1. Are there anti-dengue drugs or vaccines?

No, currently, no such vaccines or approved antivirals are available against dengue fever. There has been extensive research and clinical trials for vaccines and preliminary reports are encouraging.

Dengue Treatment, Dengue Test, Dengue Platelet Count

  1. How to increase platelet count?

Dengue fever is a self-limiting infection, and platelet counts usually begin to decline during the three days of fever, and a sudden increase in the fever day.

There are many other conditions, including flu-like symptoms or low platelet counts. For example, deficiency of vitamin B12, immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), etc.

Thus, it is important to separate them and maintain them accordingly.

  1. Can I manage dengue fever at home?

Yes, mild cases of dengue fever can be managed at home without warning signs. But, they should consult a physician and take appropriate advice.

The usual advice is to take adequate amounts of fluids, soft food and paracetamol tablets when fever is present.

Avoid aspirin and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

  1. How to watch progress?

Blood pressure and other important parameters should be checked frequently.

In laboratory parameters, platelet count and hematocrit (PCV) values should be monitored frequently.

The average platelet volume and immature platelet fraction may give a reasonable consideration of how platelet volume increases.

  1. Are goat’s milk, papaya leaves, and kiwi fruits effective in increasing platelet count?

Platelets expand on their own, and there is no scientific research data to support such claims. This is a myth.

Dengue Treatment, Dengue Test, Dengue Platelet Count

  1. Generally, when does the dengue outbreak occur?

Dengue fever can spread from August to October after rains and extreme conditions.

  1. What are the characteristics of the Aedes mosquito?

The Aedes mosquito bites in stagnant water during the day, and is most likely from 6 to 11 am.

It found mostly in urban areas and nearby human settlements. It usually cuts below the elbow and knees. That is why a full sleeve dress recommended.

Thus, by using these precautions you can prevent dengue symptoms created by Aedes mosquitoes.


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