Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti). Dengue fever typically starts three to fourteen days after infection. It is transmitted through Aedes aegypti mosquito. Dengue is also called breakbone fever.
It (breakbone fever) is transmitted by a virus and this is a mosquito-borne tropical virus. The female mosquito (Aedes aegypti) is responsible for this.
This mosquito is a small in shape, dark, white bands on legs, and have a silver-white pattern of scales on its body.
At the point when a mosquito bites a man who has dengue infection in his or her blood, the mosquito winds up tainted with the dengue infection. A contaminated mosquito can later transmit that infection to healthy individuals by biting them. Dengue can’t be spread specifically starting with one individual then onto the next, and mosquitoes are vital for transmission of the dengue infection.
By liquids, dehydration is anticipated and getting a lot of rest. Pain relievers no sweat the migraines and agony related to dengue fever. Pain relievers with headache medicine or ibuprofen ought to be stayed away from, as they can make bleeding more probable.
There are four types of dengue virus and if any one of them transmitted by a mosquito that thrives in and near the residence. Biting by a mosquito to an infected human with dengue virus, then that virus gets to enter into the mosquito. And when the mosquito which infects with virus bites another human, then the dengue virus get to enter into the bloodstream of that human.
Rarely, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can take place which a serious form of dengue fever and which can be life is threatening. If DHF is not treated in the right way and on time then heavy bleeding, dehydration, and a rapid reduction of blood pressure (shock) takes place.
If anyone suffering from dengue fever after biting by Aedes mosquito then dengue symptoms typically begin about three to fourteen days after infection.
Dengue fever symptoms are:-
- High fever (sudden)- as high as 105oF (40oC)
- A severe headache
- Lymph gland swelling
- Joint and muscle pain
- Skin rash
- Severe nausea
- Mild to severe vomiting
- Mild bleeding from nose or gums
- Febrile convulsions
- Pain behind eyes
- Mild bruising on the skin
Read also: (Dengue fever foods to recover from dengue fever)
Platelet counts and dengue fever
There are three types of blood cells present in the human body and they are floating in plasma. Three types of blood cells are- red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), and platelet. The red blood cells contain hemoglobin (a protein) and play an important role in carrying oxygen. Iron is present in hemoglobin and approximately 50, 00000/ML3 red blood cells present in human body.
White blood cells (WBC) or leucocyte fight against infection and provide immunity.
Platelets or thrombocytes play an important role in stopping blood bleeding and helps in blood clotting. There are 1.5 to 4 lacs platelets present in the human body normally.
If someone suffering from dengue then platelet counts go down to as low as 20,000 to 40,000. Following reasons are responsible for deficiency of platelets counts:-
- Platelets produced in bone marrow. Bone marrow affected by dengue, so in dengue, platelets count reduced.
- Dengue virus damage platelets affect the Blood. So, Platelets counts reduced.
- In dengue, antibodies generate. So, platelets count reduced.
Since, dengue symptoms related to a virus, so there is no specific treatment for this. Dengue fever can be managed in mild cases with lots of fluids. Much of the time of dengue fever leave inside possibly 14 days and won’t bring on any enduring issues. On the off chance that somebody has a few side effects of the ailment, or symptoms deteriorate in the principal day or two after the fever leaves, look for quick medicinal consideration. This could be a sign of DHF, which is a medicinal crisis.
For treating severe dengue fever cases at a hospital, doctors will give intravenous (IV) fluids and electrolyte (salt) to replace those lost through vomiting or diarrhea. Blood transfusion use in more advanced cases by doctors.
There is no any vaccine which helps to protect against dengue fever. There are some tips for preventing of this fever:-
- Wear long pants, long-sleeves shirts, shocks, and wearing a hat.
- Use insect repellent with appropriate concentrated diethyltoluamide (DEET) or with lemon eucalyptus.
- Avoid perfume and scented soaps and shampoos because the smell of all of these attracts mosquitoes.
- Insecticide-treated net using bed helps for preventing dengue fever.
- You can prevent mosquitoes by using screens on windows and doors.
- Air conditioner inside the home also helpful for preventing dengue.
- In clean, stagnant water Aedes mosquitoes breeds. Therefore, for reducing mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water- remove excess water from plant pot plates, remove mosquito eggs by scrubbing the containers.
Therefore, by using these precautions you can prevent dengue symptoms which are created by Aedes mosquitoes.